In the past, people aimed at controlling their physical environment. Today, there is much interest in Home Security and crime prevention. This is due to increasing insecurity levels. On one hand, the main focus of many architects is on the model. On the other hand, security planners want to include security features in the building.
Factors to be looked at including the right design and use of the building. Also, conditions that provide a chance for criminal acts can be changed to reduce crime. Quality of life can be improved by reducing the fear of crime and preventing crime.
- Relationship between security and crime
Most owners and investors are unwilling to put extra funds needed to include security features at the start of a building project. Even in existing buildings, the financial cost of improving security features is high. This leaves buildings prone to criminal activities.
In addition, modern buildings try to create an open setting where people can move freely without being limited by too much security detail. This means that little stress will be placed on security measures.
- The missing link
The government is also a major stakeholder in security matters. They specify which security measures should be placed when building structures. Furthermore, they give orders enforced by building inspectors from the police department.
The traditional outlook stressed preventing crime using physical barriers such as fences, alarms, locks, and gates. This is not enough. There should be a wider outlook on environmental security. This includes using the built setting sharply to harmonize with the artificial barriers mentioned above.
This viewpoint stresses on ways such as:
- controlling access to buildings
- surveillance mechanisms within built spaces
- Improving security measures
- The role of the architect
The architect holds the key to improving security by using the strategy of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED). In designing buildings, he can work with security experts to lay down a plan that promotes CPTED goals. To make this possible he should:
- Know the function of the space
- Be knowledgeable in technological advances in security systems
- Understand the effects of trying to balance space, function, and security aims.
- Best practices to use
The answer lies in Crime Prevention through Environmental Design. This is whereby security consultants work together with architects. They make sure that drawing designs include security details from the start. There should be a link between the design, security systems, and the users of a building.
In design planning, issues such as off-site pedestrian circulation, visitors access, and terrain must be considered. The entry points which are the weakest links in buildings should be looked into. A balance should be created between modern styles and effective security systems in a building.
Depending on the function of a building, zoning can be done. This is whereby spaces are divided according to the security level needed. The levels are; restricted, controlled and unrestricted.
Moreover, electronic systems such as access control systems, sensors, personal identification systems, and intrusion detection devices can also be fixed to spot criminals. The modern CCTV is smaller, easy to fit, and can even be used for home security.
In designing buildings of the future, the architect should not only be concerned with security systems to prevent outside criminals. Internal crime should also be considered. Home security can also be improved using these practices.